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Violence Research Centre

 

VRC lecturer Dr Tankebe co-authored a paper entitled CORRUPTION INTENTIONS AMONG PROSPECTIVE ELITES IN GHANA: AN ECONOMY OF ESTEEM, published in the International Criminal Justice Review. Co-authors were Susanne Karstedt and Sarah Adu-Poku. 

The paper focuses on corruption in the police and among elites in Ghana using three main frameworks: kinship, materialistic outlooks and deterrence. It also analyses the impact that citizenly pride and self-esteem have on an individual's behaviour.

 

ABSTRACT

Besides its multiple harms, corruption undermines the rule of law and impedes the effective functioning of criminal justice institutions. It involves both, elites in bending rules and laws as well as police at the bottom of the hierarchy asking for bribes. We analyse corruption intentions within the framework of Brennan and Pettit’s “economy of esteem”, using three main conceptual frameworks: attachment to kinship groups, materialistic orientations, and deterrence. We draw on data from a survey of 530 university students in Ghana to examine predictors of corruption intentions of prospective elites. Our prospective elites were more inclined to resort to influence peddling rather than to pay bribes directly. We find that attitudinal patterns indicative of esteem predict intentions to engage in corrupt exchanges across different agencies and contexts – police, procurement for government and abuse of power – as well as different types of action, whether bribe-payment or nepotism. In contrast, citizenly pride (and self-esteem) motivate integrity across all types of corrupt exchange. Deterrence, in terms of certainty, had a more consistently negative impact on intentions to engage in nepotism than in bribe-paying and acceptance, with public procurement being the exception; no effect was found for stigma.

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