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Violence Research Centre

 
 

Cities included in the Global Covid Crime Study

 

Research Questions

The emergency measures imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic constitute a unique set of interventions that deeply affect daily routines of people in all societies across the globe. Evidence is emerging that crime levels fell substantially for many types of crime in many societies during the crisis. However, it is currently unclear:
  • Whether the extent and the pattern of decline were similar across societies with different social and economic conditions.
  • Whether there is systematic variation in what types of crime declined and the extent to which the decline is associated with characteristics of the regimes imposed on populations during the pandemic (e.g. complete lockdown, partial curfews, prohibition or limitation of alcohol sale, behaviour tracking, etc).
  • As many societies are or will be on the way out of the emergency measures in the coming months, there are important questions on how crime patterns and levels will adjust.

 

The Study

We aim to answer the research questions by taking a global perspective. More specifically, we aim to document and analyse crime levels before, during and on the way out of the emergency regimes in a large number of cities or urban provinces/districts worldwide. We focus on large cities because they are more likely to be comparable and have up-to-date police data. We plan to examine the timing of changes in crime patterns, the differences in trends between types of crimes and the extent to which cities differ in their patterns.
 

Scientific and Policy Value

This unique comparative study will shed light on the similarities and differences in the ways police-recorded crime responded to the emergency measures taken by governments. It will help to better understand what lessons can be learned from pandemic experiences in many cities across the world.
 
 

Data Collection

We will be collecting police recorded crime data and data relating to the emergency regimes introduced in the analysed countries, listed in the Research Network section.
 
Police Recorded Crime:
  • Time series of daily counts of police recorded crime
  • Crime types will include homicide, assault, burglary, theft, motor vehicle theft, robbery, rape, total all crimes. We are aware that some data may not be available in all cities.
  • Series should start on 1 January 2018 and continue until the most recent date possible. 
Emergency Regimes:
  • In collaboration with local specialists, we will generate a timeline of when emergency measures were introduced or lifted, and what aspects of behavior they subjected to controls.

 

Research Network

The project was initiated jointly by Prof Manuel Eisner (University of Cambridge), Dr Amy Nivette (University of Utrecht) and Prof Maria Fernanda Peres (University of São Paulo). One or two specialists in each city/country were invited to partner in the study, contribute to the data collection and co-author scientific output. Two research assistants (Marcelo Ryngelblum, University of São Paulo and Joran Veldkamp, Utrecht University) are employed to help organise the data and communicate with the specialists. We subsequently aim to organise webinars to discuss our findings internationally. This is a preliminary list and it might change as the project progresses.
 
 

Country

City

Reseacher

Institution

Argentina

Buenos Aires

Prof Diego Fleitas

Prof Marcelo Bergman

Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero, Centro de Estudios Latinoamericano sobre Inseguiridad y Violencia (CELIV)

Australia

Brisbane

 

Prof Lorraine Mazerolle

Dr Renee Zanhow
 

University of Queensland, School of Social ScienceFaculty of Humanities and Social Sciences

Brazil

São Paulo

Prof Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres

Dr Roberta Astolfi

University of São Paulo, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Preventive Medicine

Canada

Toronto, Vancouver

Data are publicly available

-

China

Macau

Prof Jianhong Liu

University of Macau, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology

Colombia

 

Cali

Dr Alberto Concha-Eastman

Regional Advisor on Violence and Injury Prevention - PAHO - AMRO, WHO

England

London

Mr Ryan Davenport

Mr Simon Rose

Metropolitan Police, UK

Estonia

Tallinn

Mr Andri Ahven

Adviser, Ministry of Justice, Estonia

Finland

Helsinki

Prof Tapio Lappi-Seppälä

University of Helsinki, Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy

Germany

Hannover

Prof Dirk Baier

 

Zurich University of Applied Sciences, School of Social Work, Institute of Delinquency and Crime Prevention

Honduras

San Pedro Sula

Dr Gustavo Bardales

Programa Municpios Más Seguros (World Bank)

Israel

Tel Aviv

Dr Barak Ariel

University of Cambridge, Institute Criminology

Italy

-

Dr Paolo Campana

University of Cambridge, Institute of Criminology

Jamaica

Kingston

Dr Elizabeth Ward

Univeristy of West Indies, Mona, The Violence Prevention Alliance

Jordan

Amman

Ms Lana Ghuneim

University of Cambridge, Institute of Criminology

Mexico

Mexico City

Prof Carlos Javier Vilalta Perdomo

Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (Conacyt)

Netherlands

Amsterdam

Dr Joris Beijers

Utrecht University, Sociology Department

New Zealand

-

Prof Gregory Breetzke

University of Pretoria, Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Meteorology
 

Norway

Oslo

Dr Manne Gerell

Malmo University, Department of Criminology

Romania

Cluj

Dr Claudia Lenuta Rus

Babes-Bolyai University, Department of Psychology

Peru

Lima

Ms Rosa Esther Loureiro Revilla

PUC Peru

 Philippines

Valenzuela

Prof Bernadette J. Madrid

University of the Philippines Manila/Child Protection Network Foundation

Slovenia

Ljubljana

Prof Gorazd Mesko

University of Maribor, the Institute of Criminal Justice and Security, Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security

South Africa

-

Prof Gregory Breetzke

University of Pretoria, Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Meteorology

South Korea

-

Dr Hyung Min Bark

Korean Institute of Criminology

Spain

Barcelona

Prof  Noemi Pereda Beltran

University of Barcelona, Faculty of Psychology

Sweden

Malmo/Stockholm

Professor Robert Svensson

Dr Manne Gerell

Malmo University, Department of Criminology

Switzerland

Zurich

Prof Dirk Baier

Zurich University of Applied Sciences, School of Social Work, Institute of Delinquency and Crime Prevention

Taiwan

Taipei

Professor Yung-Lien (Edward) Lai

Central Police University, Department of Crime Prevention and Corrections

Uruguay

Montevideo

Dr. Nicolas Trajtenberg

Dr. Carlos Díaz

Cardiff University, School of Social Science, Criminology

Catholic University of Uruguay, Department of Social Science

USA

San Francisco,
Chicago

Dr Amy Nivette

University of Utrecht

 

Study initiated and coordinated by