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Strategies to Reduce Human Trafficking and Protect the Human Rights of Vulnerable Groups

Unarguably, trafficking knows no borders and affects millions of women, children and men worldwide culminating in egregious violations of their human rights. Although, violence and exploitation foisted by trafficking in persons is not limited to sexual but extends to forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude of the removal of organs; nevertheless, sex trafficking is a prevalent form of trafficking affecting disproportionately women and girls across the world with serious repercussions on their human rights, sexual and reproductive rights.  As the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, especially women and children with a mandate to "focus on the human rights aspects of the victims of trafficking in persons, especially women and children" my global strategic vision has been hinged on eleven pillars of 5 Ps, 3 R's and 3 C's, which I consider crucial to ending human trafficking and protecting the human rights of victims and those vulnerable to being trafficked. My presentation will examine some of these pillars and in particular innovative human and victim centered approach that I have found and adopted as good and workable strategies, including recommendations that both public and private parties can imbibe to effectively and in a sustainable manner combat human trafficking.