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Daskyes Yohanna Gulleng


Gulleng Daskyes Yohanna photo 1Gulleng Daskyes is a graduate of University of Jos, Nigeria. He has a in sociology. After graduating in 2002, he was later employed as a Graduate Assistant in the department of sociology in the same university. He enrolled for an Programme and graduated in 2008.  His dissertation focused on the conflicting opinions on the causes of crime in the society and how such divergent views have implication on appropriate methods of treatment for offenders in the prison.

Gulleng is currently Lecturer II in the university and he teaches sociology of crime and delinquency; inter-group relations, research methods and statistics for social research. He supervises undergraduate students who are researching in the area of crime, prisons and corrections, violence and security studies. He is a PhD candidate working on the attitudes toward crime, punishment and rehabilitation among prison staff and inmates in Plateau State, Nigeria. His focus is to determine the nature of violent crimes in Nigeria, the pattern of violence in Prisons and how it affects the relationship and attitude formation between prison staff and inmates which have implication on their support for either punishment or rehabilitation of offenders.

He has participated in workshops and conferences on research methods and conflict/peace building processes in Nigeria. His area of interest relates to examining the role of criminal justice system in reducing criminal violence among offenders within the prison. He is also interested in studying other aspects of criminology like penology, sentencing and policing.        



Attitudes Toward Crime, Punishment and Rehabilitation: A Study of Prison Staff and Inmates in Plateau State, Nigeria

The prison is one of the institutions responsible for societal response to violence through the incarceration of violent offenders. Paradoxically, it is also a setting in which interpersonal violence is frequently reported. This takes the form of inmate-on-inmate violence, staff-on-inmate violence, inmates-on-staff violence, and inmates rioting. Violence within the prison is influenced by several factors including the attitude of inmates and staff towards crime and punishment, the relationship between inmates and staff, and the quality of services within the prison. The study, conducted in five Nigerian prisons, examines attitudes of prison staff and inmates toward crime, punishment and rehabilitation. It further analyses the attitudes of prison staff and inmates toward each other and the adequacy of penal policies and treatment measures in reducing crime and violence in Nigeria.  Literature review demonstrates that attitudes toward crime and punishment are influenced mostly by sensational media images of violent crimes which heighten fear of victimization. This may not be a reflection of the attitudes of prison officers and inmates. Preliminary analysis from the study revealed differences in attitudes of staff and inmates toward crime, punishment and rehabilitation. While inmates emphasised socioeconomic deprivation as causes of crime and violence, staff emphasised a combination of personal gain and economic deprivation.  Findings however revealed similarities in attitudes of staff and inmates on the necessity of punishment for recidivists and violent offences like murder, armed robbery, kidnapping and rape. As an intervention strategy, both staff and inmates advocate rehabilitation through the provision of empowerment programmes like education, skills acquisition and employment opportunities.  These findings serve as a guide to policy formulation on how to reduce crime and violence in Nigeria and the wider society through the criminal justice system.