Nikki Philline C. de la Rosa is Deputy Country Manager and Head of Mindanao operations of International Alert in the Philippines. Nikki is based in Alert's offices in the Southern Philippines island of Mindanao managing the thematic program on inclusive political economy and leads work on conflict sensitive economic governance, establishing and facilitating multi-stakeholder dialogue processes as well as capacity strengthening and accompaniment of local governments, community leaders and business corporations. Nikki also provides technical support and advise on conflict-sensitive economic governance to Alert’s Myanmar programme. She has over a decade of professional experience in politico-economic research and programme management working with international and local NGOs and the academe. She holds an AB degree in Sociology from the University of the Philippines and an MSc in Development Studies (with Distinction) from the London School of Economics and Political Science through a scholarship grant from the Ford Foundation International Fellowships Programme. Her published works include development history, theory and policy, official development assistance (ODA) in agrarian reform communities, information communication technology (ICT) in teaching and learning, conflict-sensitive economic governance and the politics of complex emergencies in natural disasters. She led the peacebuilding, information and education services of the NGO Alternate Forum for Research in Mindanao (AFRIM) and was Research Associate and Learning Center Coordinator of the University of the Philippines Open University from 1996-2008. From 2001-2009, she served in various capacities as research fellow working on adult learning, NGOs and official development aid and as international intern doing research on the global economy and on peacebuilding.
Disrupting Conflict Strings in Sub-National Contexts: Experience from Muslim Mindanao, Philippines
Global experience suggests that declines in rebellion-related conflict can lead to an intensification of transition-induced horizontal violence between clans, tribes, political elites, and criminal entrepreneurs. However, there are few robust sources of data that can test this relationship at the subnational level. The presentation offers fresh evidence of the phenomena of transition-induced violence in the particular case of subnational conflict. The author presents data gathered from police databases and media reports in the southern provinces of Muslim Mindanao where conflict has endured between Moro insurgents and the Philippine state for the past forty years. The Bangsamoro Conflict Monitoring System (BCMS) is a conflict database that traces the manifestations, triggers, actors, and costs of violent conflict in Muslim Mindanao—yielding a nuanced understanding of sources of violence and contribute to the design of conflict prevention in post-peace agreement scenarios and more broadly, towards a more resilient peace in fragile conflict-affected contexts. The author’s presentation will demonstrate the initial results of the conflict mapping system (2011-2013) and explain the phenomenon of “violent conflict strings” that morph from community-level conflict or clan feuds to rebellion and criminal violence—proving that violent conflicts cannot be examined through singular incidences but an investigation of strings of two or more incidences and an exploration of how this can effectively be disrupted. A case study on interrupting violence strings through hybrid governance processes in sub-national contexts will be showcased.