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Isaac Deneb Castañeda Alcántara

Biography 

IDCA 2014 photo.jpgIsaac Deneb is a Medical surgeon for the Metropolitan Autonomous University (Mexico) with special mention award for best experience in social service of the national association of universities (ANUIES, 2007), and research member since 2013 of the Center for Global Non-Killing (USA).

From 2007 to 2011, he was professor and research associate for the Metropolitan Autonomous University, responsible for the editorial coordination of university publications and coordinator of primary care medical units. At the same time, he was founder and president of a health cooperative (non-profit organization) to provide insurance to people without social security in Mexico City, funded by the European Union.

From 2012 to 2014, he was deputy director of information analysis and operation in the Technical Secretariat of the National Council for the prevention of accidents (CONAPRA) in the Ministry of Health, where he was commissioned to participate in designing public health policies, supporting of state and national observatories surveillance, integrating multisectoral public health projects with national and international actors (PAHO, IDB, WB, USAID), and generation of specialized publications and communication materials on violence prevention.

Selected for MENTOR-VIP (global injury and violence prevention mentoring programme) from World Health Organization (2013 to 2014) to developed a project in violence prevention with support of a network of global injury prevention experts.

Since January 2014 is Associate professor of "Carlos Peralta" Chair of Public Health in Anáhuac University (Mexico), from where he is a coordinator of training, research, implementation and evaluation projects on violence prevention and human security, from a human rights and community empowerment approach. Participate in academic forums, write technical reports and provide information to decision makers of government and private sector.

 

Abstract

Effects of Violence Prevention Programs and Crime in Chihuahua State (Mexico) During the Period 2010-2013 

In the last decade, mortality from violence, and particularly homicide, has increased in Mexico, which moved the country into the group of Latin American countries with highest rates of violence related deaths. This increase primordially strikes women (16 and 50 years) and men (16 and 60 years of age). Homicide rates differ geographically and are highest in areas related to drugs traffic and organized crime. Ciudad Juarez (Chihuahua) with a rate of 55.9 murders per 100,000 (2012) has been listed as one of the most dangerous cities in the world and since 2010 the government, business and civil society have developed actions to reduce violence and crime, with strong public and private participation. Later (2012) the government began an unprecedented program (National Program of Social Prevention of Violence and Crime) focused on prevention. This program is multi-sectorial and operates in local demarcations with high rates of violence and crime. The aim is to recognize and characterize the effects of programs on violence prevention and crime implemented by the government and civil society in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua during 2010 to 2013. Data sources are from the national population census (source: INEGI) and the population intermediate count (source: CONAPO). Additionally, are consulted state and local databases with information on mortality, crime rate, high-impact crimes, theft and crime. Subsequently quantitative indicators are selected to observe their behavior over time and compared to other border cities. Preliminary results allow recognizing the effects of governmental and non-governmental activities to prevent violence and crime in Ciudad Juarez. Given the extent and the growth of the violence problem in Mexico during recent years, it is mandatory to identify measurement tools, useful in different regions. The indicators presented are useful to measure results in prevention of violence and crime from government programs and actions in most municipalities.


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