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Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children

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The Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children (z-proso) is an on-going longitudinal study of 1300 children. It aims at understanding the developmental dynamics involved in aggressive behaviour and victimization during childhood and adolescence. Currently the main assessments have been conducted at ages 7, 8, 9, 11, 13 and 15. Over the waves the study included, amongst others, experimental assessments of risk-seeking behaviour, the administration of an event history calendar, measures of friendship networks, scenario-based measures on judgment and decision-making, assessments of pubertal development and measures of resting heart rate. The study also included the implementation of two universal early prevention programmes between ages 7 and 9. Current research includes analyses of the specific effects of peer victimization on internalizing and externalizing behaviour problems, the variability of sex differences in aggression between children of different immigrant backgrounds, and the extent to which trust and trustworthiness at age 7 predicts trajectories of problem behaviour up to age 11.

More information on the project can be found on the z-proso website of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich.

Investigators: Prof. Manuel Eisner (PI), Dr. Ingrid Obsuth (University of Cambridge), Aja Murray (University of Cambridge), Dr. Denis Ribeaud (ETH-Zurich), Dr. Margit Averdijk (ETH-Zurich), Prof. Tina Malti (University of Toronto). | Funding: Jacobs Foundation and Swiss National Science Foundation, total funding since 2005 about £2.5 Mio. | Image: Jeff Meyer

A complete list of all z-proso publications from January 2003 to January 2017 can be found here

Selected Publications

  • Obsuth, Ingrid, Aja Louise Murray, Tina Malti, Philippe Sulger, Denis Ribeaud, and Manuel Eisner. "A Non-bipartite Propensity Score Analysis of the Effects of Teacher–Student Relationships on Adolescent Problem and Prosocial Behavior." Journal of Youth and Adolescence (2016) 1:27
  • Z-proso Factsheet: Education, leisure time, dating & problem behaviour among 17-year-olds

Download the PDF of "Z-proso Factsheet: Education, leisure time, dating & problem behaviour among 17-year-olds"

  • Obsuth, Ingrid, Manuel Eisner, Tina Malti and Denis Ribeaud. "The Developmental Relation Between Aggressive Behaviour and Prosocial Behaviour: A 5-Year Longitudinal Study" BMC Psychology (2015) 3:16

Download the PDF of "The Developmental Relation Between Aggressive Behaviour and Prosocial Behaviour: A 5-Year Longitudinal Study"

  • Malti, Tina, Margit Averdijk, Antonio Zuffianò, Denis Ribeaud, Lucy R. Betts, Ken J. Rotenberg, and Manuel P. Eisner. "Children's Trust and the Development of Prosocial Behavior"

Download PDF of "Children's Trust and the Development of Prosocial Behavior"

  • Malti, Tina, Denis Ribeaud, and Manuel P. Eisner. "The Effectiveness of Two Universal Preventive Interventions in Reducing Children's Externalizing Behavior: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial." Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology 40, no. 5 (2011): 677-692.
  • Eisner, Manuel, Daniel Nagin, Denis Ribeaud, and Tina Malti. "Effects of a Universal Parenting Program for Highly Adherent Parents: A Propensity Score Matching Approach." Prevention Science 13, no. 3 (2012): 252-266.
  • Eisner, Manuel. "No Effects in Independent Prevention Trials: Can We Reject the Cynical View?." Journal of Experimental Criminology 5, no. 2 (2009): 163-183.
  • Eisner, Manuel, and Ursula Meidert. "Stages of Parental Engagement in a Universal Parent Training Program." The Journal of Primary Prevention 32, no. 2 (2011): 83-93.
  • Averdijk, Margit, Barbara Müller, Manuel Eisner, and Denis Ribeaud. "Bullying Victimization and Later Anxiety and Depression among Pre-adolescents in Switzerland." Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research 3, no. 2 (2011): 103-109.
  • Averdijk, Margit, Tina Malti, Manuel Eisner, and Denis Ribeaud. "Parental Separation and Child Aggressive and Internalizing Behavior: An Event History Calendar Analysis." Child Psychiatry & Human Development 43, no. 2 (2012): 184-200.
  • Averdijk, Margit, Sytske Besemer, Manuel Eisner, Catrien Bijleveld, and Denis Ribeaud. "The Relationship Between Quantity, Type, and Timing of External Childcare and Child Problem Behaviour in Switzerland." European Journal of Developmental Psychology 8, no. 6 (2011): 637-660.
  • Averdijk, Margit, Manuel Eisner, and Denis Ribeaud. "Do Social Relationships Protect Victimized Children Against Internalizing Problems?." Journal of School Violence (2013).
  • Averdijk, Margit, Tina Malti, Denis Ribeaud, and Manuel Eisner. "Trajectories of Aggressive Behavior and Children's Social-Cognitive Development." International Journal of Developmental Science 5, no. 1 (2011): 103-111.
  • Malti, Tina, Margit Averdijk, Denis Ribeaud, Ken J. Rotenberg, and Manuel P. Eisner. ""Do You Trust Him?" Children's Trust Beliefs and Developmental Trajectories of Aggressive Behavior in an Ethnically Diverse Sample." Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 41, no. 3 (2013): 445-456.
  • Nivette, Amy E., Manuel Eisner, Tina Malti, and Denis Ribeaud. "Sex Differences in Aggression Among Children of Low and High Gender Inequality Backgrounds: A Comparison of Gender Role and Sexual Selection Theories." Aggressive Behavior (2014).