Etannibi E. O. Alemika obtained B.Sc. and M.Sc. Sociology from the University of Ibadan (Nigeria) and M.S. and Ph.D. Criminology from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia (USA). He is currently a Professor of Criminology and Sociology of Law at the University of Jos, in Nigeria. His areas of research include policing, organised crime, security sector reform, conflict studies, and penal administration. He is a member of the editorial board of several international journals, including Police Practice and Research; Stability: International Journal of Security & Development, and the Australia and New Zealand Journal of Criminology. His recent publications include Alemika, EEO. 2013. Organized and Transnational Crime in West Africa, in Heinrich-Boll-Stiftung and Regine Schonenberg (eds.) Transnational Organized Crime: Analyses of a Global Challenge to Democracy. Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag; Alemika, EEO. 2013. Organised Crime and Governance in West Africa, in EEO Alemika (Ed.); The impact of organized crime on governance in West Africa. Abuja: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, pp. 16-34, and Alemika, EEO. 2013. Criminal victimization, Policing and Governance in Nigeria. Lagos & Abuja: CLEEN Foundation), and Police Practice and Police Research in Africa, Police Practice and Research, 2009: 483–502. Prof. Alemika was a member of Nigeria's Presidential Committee on Police Reform (2006); Chairman of the Presidential Committee on Prisons Reform (2005/2006); Member, Committee for the Restructuring of Fire Services in Nigeria (2012). He is a member of several professional associations, including Social Science Academy of Nigeria; Nigerian Society of Criminology; Academy of Criminal Justice Science (USA); American Society of Criminology; Altus Global Alliance and the African Policing Civilian Oversight Forum and the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime.
Police Effectiveness, Accountability and Violence in Nigeria
Nigeria is currently witnessing unprecedented level of ethno-religious violence; violent crimes, and terrorist attacks by insurgent groups since its existence. The civil war (1967-1970) did not generate as much discontent among diverse groups in the country. The capacity of the country to contain the growing violence is weak. The deployment of the military for civil policing has exposed the ineffectiveness of the Nigeria Police Force and led to the militarisation of civil life, which is inimical to the consolidation of the country's democratic transition.
The common forms of collective and inter-personal violence frequently experienced in the country are violent inter-ethnic and inter-religious conflicts; intra-and inter-communal violence; armed robbery, kidnapping, assassination (motivated by political and economic competition, and ransom money); gender-related violence; ritual killing and mutilation; ethno-religious militia and terrorist violence, extra-judicial killing and brutality by security personnel, and violent attack against security officials. The Nigeria Police Force has generally been ineffective in preventing and controlling these forms of violence due to lack of capacity in the core policing functions of intelligence, investigation, apprehension and prosecution of suspects. In this presentation, we examine the factors that undermine the effectiveness and accountability of the Nigeria Police Force and offer recommendations for the reform of the Force.